Yeast infections are common. In fact, the most common type of vaginal infection is yeast infection. But can a yeast infection interfere with a pregnancy test?
Can a Yeast Infection Affect a Pregnancy Test?
The short answer is: No. Yeast infections do not interfere with pregnancy tests at all. Basically, a pregnancy test measures the levels of hCG in urine and provides a reading that reflects your current hormone levels.
Normally, hCG is a hormone produced by the placenta during pregnancy and can be easily traced in blood or urine 10 days after conception. So, most of these pregnancy tests will hugely rely on hCG as its presence will signify conception and vice versa.
Although yeast infection will indeed affect the production of hormones like estrogen and progesterone in your body, there is no way it will affect hCG production to the extent of not giving a reliable pregnancy test result.
So, none of this yeast infection will affect your pregnancy outcome. This article digs deep into yeast infection, specifically during pregnancy, and its counter-preventive measures.
Yeast Infection During pregnancy
Yeast infections are common during pregnancy, especially in the second and third trimesters. This is because your body is simultaneously changing to accommodate the development of the fetus, weakening your immune system and leaving loopholes for these bacteria to act.
Typically, most yeast infections are due to the overgrowth of Candida albicans, a bacterium naturally found in the Vagina and other body openings. And its overgrowth is hugely triggered by the imbalance of good bacteria in the Vagina, or the respective body part resulting in a favorable yielding ground for infections.
You can treat these yeast infections with over-the-counter medications such as Monistat or Diflucan, but if they don’t go away after several days of treatment, you may wish to consult your doctor.
However, the good news is that while you may be dealing with an uncomfortable condition, it won’t affect your ability to conceive or carry a baby to term. In fact, having a yeast infection during pregnancy may be termed normal and will not affect fertility or pregnancy outcomes. So, yeast infection definitely won’t influence your pregnancy test results.
Causes of Yeast Infection During pregnancy
There are many causes of yeast infections in pregnant women — including hormonal changes and stress. However, the most common reason for a yeast infection during pregnancy is candida overgrowth in the Vagina, as mentioned above.
Normally, this happens when there is an increase in the amount of mucus or other vaginal discharge in the presence of bacteria that feed on these sugars (dietary sugars).
So, the resulting imbalance between these two organisms will lead to an overgrowth of Candida albicans (yeast) bacteria in the Vagina, increasing the chances of yeast infection.
There are other possible causes of yeast infection during pregnancy, as indicated below;
- Hormonal changes
During pregnancy, estrogen levels rise, and progesterone levels fall significantly, affecting the overall body response to yeast infections. So, bacteria will take advantage of this situation and multiply effectively without resistance, yielding a vaginal infection.
- Candida overgrowth caused by diabetes or medications
Candida albicans are naturally present in many people’s bodies, but it normally lives in balance with other microbes (including beneficial bacteria). However, when good bacteria levels decrease in the gut, an imbalance is created, favoring the overgrowth of candida albicans.
This condition is more common in women who take oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy (HRT), as these medications may increase the risk of developing thrush.
- Yeast overgrowth caused by antibiotics
Antibiotics can kill off some of the good bacteria in your gut, allowing yeast or fungus to take over and cause an infection. This is especially likely if you have taken antibiotics for a long time and become pregnant.
Crucial Symptoms of Yeast Infection
The symptoms of a yeast infection are often described as sensational, itching, and burning. Yet, they vary from individual to individual. Some are mild, while others are severe. Below are a few yeast infection symptoms.
- It might take several days for symptoms to appear after you get an infection. The first sign may be itching or burning at the site of your discharge, but it can take several days for these symptoms to develop into a full-blown yeast infection.
- A white coating on your underwear after you wash them
- A thick, creamy-white vaginal discharge that smells like vinegar or even alcohol
Potential Yeast Infection Preventive Measures When Pregnant
Pregnant women are more prone to yeast infections because of hormonal changes and weakened immune systems. So, you must take the necessary preventive measures to counter these potential yeast infections impacts.
Some of these preventive measures you can take include:
- Eat a balanced diet with vitamin C
The first step to preventing a yeast infection during pregnancy is ensuring you get enough vitamin C (found in citrus fruits, green vegetables, asparagus, and tomatoes) daily. Vitamin C helps to reduce the negative effects of bacteria on your body and fight off infections like yeast.
If you’ve already developed a yeast infection or have been diagnosed with one, it’s best to take a daily multivitamin supplement containing magnesium oxide or zinc oxide along with your meals. These supplements will help replenish magnesium levels as well as prevent further damage from taking place within your body’s tissues
- Reduce your use of antibiotics
Antibiotic use during pregnancy is linked with increased yeast infections, so talk with your doctor about alternatives for treating such problems if necessary.
- Drink plenty of water
Drinking extra water helps flush out toxins from your body, which can help prevent yeast overgrowth. Aim for eight 8-ounce glasses of purified water daily – at least half of those should be consumed through food rather than beverage mixes.
Finally, you should talk with your doctor about any concerns you have regarding any aspect of your health during pregnancy. Your doctor will be able to answer any questions you have about yeast infections during pregnancy—and they’ll also know what’s best for your baby’s development!
A yeast infection can’t be why a pregnancy test comes out negative. And there is no connection between yeast infections and being pregnant. Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of certain strains of Candida or other bacteria present in our bodies.
So, yeast infection in your reproductive system won’t affect the presence of pregnancy hormone in your urine, hence not affecting the conception results.